Professional and regulatory bodies in nursing education have required that critical thinking be component of all nursing curricula. This is demonstrated in nursing by clinical judgment, which includes ethical, diagnostic, and therapeutic dimensions and research.
It includes questioning, data collection, analysis, synthesis, interpretation, inference, inductive and deductive reasoning, intuition, application, creativity, and verification. A nurse who thinks critically utilizes core cognitive thinking skills and justification based on evidence to carry out actions that result in positive patient outcomes. Skillful nurses can think critically because they possess the following characteristics: motivation, perseverance, fair-mindedness, innovation, creativity, flexibility, intuition, and deliberate and careful attention to thinking.
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The expert critical thinker uses the following core cognitive critical thinking skills:. Interpretation involves clarifying the meaning of patient data.
Interpretation may include determining the significance of laboratory values, vital signs, and physical assessment data as well as understanding the meaning of a patient's behavior or statements. Analysis is determining the patient's problems based on assessment data. At times, the actual problem cannot be validated initially, but several hypotheses can be identified.
Evaluation is identifying expected nursing care outcomes and assessing whether or not they are met.
If not met, the nurse ascertains the reason, allowing for the revision of actions and goals. Inference is about making deductions about information. For example, the nurse uses careful monitoring to determine when a patient's health status improves or declines. Inferences are created through the concepts and assumptions the nurse brings to the table.
Self-Regulation in Critical Thinking Skills of Buddhist Teenagers for…
Explanation is the ability to justify actions. The nurse implements interventions based on research or other sources of evidence. Explanation includes the application of nursing theories and models, an appropriate ethical framework, and research-based knowledge from nursing and the sciences. Self-regulation is the process of assessing one's practice and adjusting or improving it if necessary. Nurses must be able to plan, execute, monitor, and evaluate their learning and develop an awareness of their abilities. This creates self-directed lifelong learners. Critical thinking can fall by the wayside when patient care is dictated by prejudice, preferences, self-interests, or fear.
Right action occurs when the nurse decides which part of the plan takes priority, who should carry out the nursing actions, which procedures and policies are involved, and who should be notified. Right reason indicates that the reasoning is ethical, legal, and professional. The importance of critical thinking in nursing cannot be overstated.
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Patients are diverse; their clinical presentations are unique. Nurses must be capable of making rational clinical decisions and solving problems in order to provide safe, high-quality care. Critical thinking is vital for nurses to meet the challenges of caring for increasingly complex patients. Advancing your education by earning an Online RN to Bachelor of Science in Nursing like the one offered by Carson-Newman University, is the first step on the road to developing the core cognitive skills employers are seeking.
Benner, P. Clinical reasoning, decision making, and action: Thinking critically and clinically. Hughes Ed. Chabeli, M. Facilitating critical thinking within the nursing process framework: A literature review. Ignatavicius, D. Nursing Management, 32 1 , Levett-Jones T. Nurse Education Today, 30, All rights reserved. Skip to main content. What is Critical Thinking in Nursing? Core Cognitive Critical Thinking Skills Skillful nurses can think critically because they possess the following characteristics: motivation, perseverance, fair-mindedness, innovation, creativity, flexibility, intuition, and deliberate and careful attention to thinking.
The expert critical thinker uses the following core cognitive critical thinking skills: Interpretation involves clarifying the meaning of patient data. Critical Thinking Pitfalls Critical thinking can fall by the wayside when patient care is dictated by prejudice, preferences, self-interests, or fear. Demir, M. Learning styles of design students and the relationship of academic performance and gender in design education.
Is critical thinking a Western concept?
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