When to footnote in an essay


  1. Citing in the Text
  2. Examples of Footnotes and Endnotes
  3. Chicago Style Guide
  4. What Are Footnotes?
  5. In-Text Citations – Bibliography | Chicago Style Guide | Citefast

Citing in the Text

Because this makes it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use either footnotes or endnotes in your paper. Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references author, date in the body of your work. See our section on citation styles for more information. Footnotes are not just for interesting comments, however.

Examples of Footnotes and Endnotes

Sometimes they simply refer to relevant sources -- they let your reader know where certain material came from, or where they can look for other sources on the subject. To decide whether you should cite your sources in footnotes or in the body of your paper, you should ask your instructor or see our section on citation styles.

Whenever possible, put the footnote at the end of a sentence, immediately following the period or whatever punctuation mark completes that sentence. Skip two spaces after the footnote before you begin the next sentence. If you must include the footnote in the middle of a sentence for the sake of clarity, or because the sentence has more than one footnote try to avoid this! Otherwise, put it right at the end of the most relevant word.

Chicago Style Guide

If the footnote is not at the end of a sentence, skip only one space after it. The only real difference is placement -- footnotes appear at the bottom of the relevant page, while endnotes all appear at the end of your document. If you want your reader to read your notes right away, footnotes are more likely to get your reader's attention.

Endnotes, on the other hand, are less intrusive and will not interrupt the flow of your paper. Sometimes you may be asked to include these -- especially if you have used a parenthetical style of citation. A "works cited" page is a list of all the works from which you have borrowed material.

What Are Footnotes?

Your supervisor will be able to tell you which citation style you should be using. It is crucial to use your citation style correctly in order to avoid plagiarism.

How to Use Footnotes

Plagiarism has serious consequences. Even if your citation style uses parenthetical citation instead of footnotes, you might choose to include footnotes to provide the reader with supplementary information..

For example, MLA footnotes can be used to direct the reader to further relevant sources or add information that could be useful but is not critical to your text. If you wish to include footnotes or endnotes because you want to provide supplementary information, you should consider:. Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. Place the cursor where you would like the superscript number to appear.

The superscript number will appear in the text automatically. The corresponding number will be automatically inserted in the footer ready for you to add the footnote citation.

Type in your footnote citation. By default, footnotes will be numbered 1, 2, 3, etc, while endnotes will apply Roman numerals, e. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.


In-Text Citations – Bibliography | Chicago Style Guide | Citefast

Generate your APA citations for free! Home Knowledge Base Citing sources How to use footnotes and endnotes.

  1. How to use footnotes and endnotes;
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  3. Citing in the Text.
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  5. Footnote Examples.
  6. How to reference different types of source.
  7. What Are Footnotes and How Do You Use Them? | Scribendi!

How to use footnotes and endnotes Date published July 17, by Courtney Gahan. Date updated: September 19, Footnotes are superscript numbers 1 placed within the body of text. They can be used for two things: As a form of citation in certain citation styles As a provider of additional information. What is your plagiarism score?